direct是什么意思,direct的解释

direct是什么意思,direct的解释

direct

音标[di’rekt] 读音

汉语翻译

a. 直接的, 坦白的
vt. 指示, 指挥, 命令, 导演
vi. 指导, 指挥
ad. 直接地
【医】 直接的, 直的
相关词组:
be in direct contact with sb

词型变化:

动词过去式:directed 过去分词:directed 现在分词:directing 第三人称单数:directs 

词意辨析:

control, direct, govern, manage, rule, supervise, administer

这些动词均有“管理、支配”之意。
control: 含义广泛的常用词,指对人或物施以约束或控制的力量。
direct: 侧重行使领导或指导权。
govern: 侧重指运用任何控制的权力来统治或管理一个国家、一个社会或一个部门,暗含能力和知识的运用。
manage: 强调对具体事务机构进行管理,有时含受权管理或处理之意。
rule: 强调用绝对或 * 的权力来管理或统治。
supervise: 侧重指运用本身的或被授予的权力来管理、检查工作,含监督意味。
administer: 指官方的或正式的对事务的管理。

direct, conduct, guide, lead, pilot

这些动词都含“引导”之意。
direct: 指为某人指方向,但自己不一定亲自引路,也可表示指导一群人的事或活动。
conduct: 正式用词,指引导某人去某处,强调亲自带领;也强调监督管理一群有共同目的或目标的人。
guide: 普通用词,可与conduct换用,指引导者与被引导者双方彼此合作,共同努力的关系。
lead: 指走在前面给某人引路或带路,共同去达到某一目标。用于抽象意义时,指在某项活动或运动中起主导和组织作用。
pilot: 从原义“为飞机、轮船导航”借喻为指亲自带领某人去某处。

direct, directly

这两个副词都有“直接地”之意。
direct: 指行路中不停步、不绕道、直奔目的地。
directly: 指以一种直接的方式。表示时间的时候,指立刻,不拖延之意。

英语解释:

动词 direct:

  1. command with authority
  2. intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
    同义词:target, aim, place, point
  3. guide the actors in (plays and films)
  4. be in charge of
  5. take somebody somewhere
    同义词:lead, take, conduct, guide
  6. cause to go somewhere
    同义词:send
  7. aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment
    同义词:aim, take, train, take aim
  8. lead, as in the performance of a composition
    同义词:conduct, lead
  9. give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction
  10. specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public
    同义词:calculate, aim
  11. direct the course; determine the direction of travelling
    同义词:steer, maneuver, manoeuver, manoeuvre, point, head, guide, channelize, channelise
  12. put an address on (an envelope)
    同义词:address
  13. plan and direct (a complex undertaking)
    同义词:mastermind, engineer, organize, organise, orchestrate

形容词 direct:

  1. direct in spatial dimensions; proceeding without deviation or interruption; straight and short
  2. having no intervening persons, agents, conditions
    同义词:unmediated
  3. extended senses; direct in means or manner or behavior or language or action
  4. in a straight unbroken line of descent from parent to child
    同义词:lineal
  5. moving from west to east on the celestial sphere; or–for planets–around the sun in the same direction as the Earth
  6. similar in nature or effect or relation to another quantity
  7. (of a current) flowing in one direction only
  8. being an immediate result or consequence
  9. in precisely the same words used by a writer or speaker
    同义词:verbatim
  10. lacking compromising or mitigating elements; exact

副词 direct:

  1. without deviation
    同义词:directly, straight

例句:

  1. I prefer to deal with him direct.
    还是我直接跟他打交道为好
  2. She directed the planning of the festival.
    她统管节日活动的筹划。
  3. The general directed that the prisoners should be set free.
    将军下令释放犯人。
  4. He directed the building of the new bridge.
    他主持修建这座桥的建筑工程。

详细解释:

di.rect

v.(动词)
di.rect.ed,di.rect.ing,di.rects
v.tr.(及物动词)
To manage or conduct the affairs of; regulate.
管理,规范:管理和控制…的事务;调整
To have or take charge of; control.See Synonyms at conduct
负责;控制参见 conduct
To give authoritative instructions to:
给予权威性指示:
例句:
directed the student to answer.See Synonyms at command
指导学生回答参见 command

To cause to move toward a goal; aim.See Synonyms at aim
瞄准:引导而向目标移动;瞄准参见 aim
To show or indicate the way for:
指引:显示或指示道路:
例句:
directed us to the airport.
给我们指明机场方向

To cause to move in or follow a straight course:
指向或转向:
例句:
directed their fire at the target.
将他们火力对准目标

To indicate the intended recipient on (a letter, for example).
寄至:指示预定接收者(例如信件)
To address or adapt (remarks, for example) to a specific person, audience, or purpose.
集中于:集中(例如注意力)于特定的人、观众或目的

To give guidance and instruction to (actors or musicians, for example) in the rehearsal and performance of a work.
导演:在排练或演出中(如对演员或乐队)给予引导或指示指导
To supervise the performance of.
监督进行
v.intr.(不及物动词)
To give commands or directions.
命令:给予命令或指示
To conduct a performance or rehearsal.
进行演出或排练
adj.(形容词)
Proceeding without interruption in a straight course or line; not deviating or swerving:
径直的:不间断的直线进行;不偏斜的:
例句:
a direct route.
直达路线

Straightforward and candid; frank:
直接的:直截了当的;直率的:
例句:
a direct response.
直接的回答

Having no intervening persons, conditions, or agencies; immediate:
直接了当的:没有中间人、条件或代理人的;立即:
例句:
direct contact; direct sunlight.
直接的接触;直射的阳光

Effected by action of the voters, rather than through elected representatives or delegates:
直接投票的:受投票人行动影响,不通过选举代表或代表团:
例句:
direct elections.
直接选举

Being of unbroken descent; lineal:
直系的:世袭未被打破的;祖传的:
例句:
a direct descendant of the monarch.
直系君主

Consisting of the exact words of the writer or speaker:
直接的:包括作者或讲话者准确的语句的:
例句:
a direct quotation.
直接引语

Lacking compromising or mitigating elements; absolute:
顽强的,绝对的:没有妥协或缓和因素的;绝对的:
例句:
direct opposites.
顽强的对手

Mathematics Varying in the same manner as another quantity, especially increasing if another quantity increases or decreasing if it decreases.
【数学】 正变形的:同另一个量以同样方式变化的,特别是另一个量增加即增加,如减少即减少
Astronomy Designating west-to-east motion of a planet in the same direction as the sun`s movement against the stars.
【天文学】 顺行的:表明行星在同一方向由西向东运动的,太阳与星体正好相反
adv.(副词)
Straight; directly.
直地;径直地

来源:
Middle English directen
中古英语 directen
from Latin dorigere dorôct- [to give direction to]
源自 拉丁语 dorigere dorôct- [超出方向]
do-, dis- [apart] * see dis-
do-, dis- [分开] *参见 dis-
regere [to guide] * see reg-
regere [指导] *参见 reg-

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